You can find the most comprehensive information about Brahma Chicken Types and Characteristics in this article. The majestic Giant Brahma Chicken is an ancient breed with very ancient roots. As with many heritage breeds, the exact genetic makeup of this bird is unknown.
Historians have reconstructed the possible origins of this noble bird from clues left in winged books and journals of the 1800s.
Known for its size and known as the ‘King of Chickens’, the Brahma is a calm breed that is both high yielding and laying eggs.
In this article, we’ll discuss everything you need to know about this gentle giant: size, color variants, spawning traits, breed history, and much more.
Brahma Chicken Breed History
The name Brahma was first called “Shanghai” in the mid-1800s. In the 1850s, it was the Brahma breed that sparked the passion for chicken breeding in America and England.
“Shanghai” emerged by crossing the Malay and Cochin races. It has been called that name for some time since it was brought to the United States by sailors from Shanghai, China. After nearly 50 years of crossbreeding with Malay and Cochin breeds, then with various chicken breeds, Brahma has reached its current standards.
Brahma Chicken Breed Standards
Officially, Light, Dark and Buff Brahma types are accepted as standard. Light Brahma and Dark Brahma were included in the British Poultry Standard in 1865. The American Poultry Association accepted the Light and Dark Brahma breeds as standard in 1874. Buff Brahma was accepted in 1924.
The Brahma is a large breed of chicken – almost as big as the Jersey Giant – a Brahma can grow to about 75 cm in length. It has a long, deep and wide body. When viewed from the side, it looks like a narrow ‘V’.
Brahma has a pea comb (comb) and eyebrows on the forehead slightly crossing the eyes. The beak is short and strong. Hair is dense and tight.
Brahma Rooster weight is 4.5 to 5.5 kg and chickens are 3.5 to 4.1 kg. In the 1850s, the Brahma Rooster was 8 kg and the chickens were 6 kg.
Brahma Chicken Appearance Features
- They are very nice chickens.
- Being a bi-colored breed, Brahma chickens can be seen in combinations with wrapped black, white with black and more.
- They have a strong body.
- The average live weight is 5.4 kg in roosters and 4.3 kg in chickens.
- Characteristic of the typical Asian breed, brahma chickens have small crests, a large and calm appearance, and heavily feathered legs and legs with legs.
- Poultry and exhibition animals, the chicken breed is known to be calm and friendly.
- The doors of the Brahma chickens, which are larger and larger than other chicken breeds, should be wide.
- They have a solid beak structure.
- Brahma chickens, which are mostly grown in the USA, have a very imposing structure.
Brahma Chicken Breed Characteristics
- Brahmas are a very showy chicken breed.
- They are very resistant to climatic conditions.
- They can live in both heat and cold.
- Brahma chickens, which are approximately 4 to 5 kilos in weight, can vary according to the breed and the region where they are raised.
- Although Brahma chicken varieties are more numerous, they show similar characteristics.
- Annual average egg production varies between 100 and 150 eggs.
- After a period of about 2 years, Brahma chickens reach full size and maturity.
- Brahma chickens are chickens that do not get sick easily.
- It is necessary to prepare an environment for them to live in groups.
- Brahma chickens are breeds that need sufficient space.
- Brahma chickens, which do not have the ability to fly due to their size and anatomical structure, are therefore not very advanced in escaping skills.
- Brahma chicks can be distinguished early in terms of sex.
Brahma Chicken Behavior Characteristics
- Brahma chickens attract attention with their calm and relaxed demeanor.
- They are very easy to train chickens.
- Brahma chickens are not easily startled, they are not cowardly chickens.
- Brahma chickens get along well with children, do not scare them.
- They do not run away from dangers, so they are a race that needs protection.
- It is a very curious chicken breed.
- Because they are calm and harmonious, they can eat from almost anyone’s hand.
Brahma Chicken Varieties
- There are many breeds of Brahma chickens.
- Brahma chicken varieties include light, dark, gold and giant brahma chickens.
- There are also black, blue, crele, barred and partridge breeds.
- Brahma chickens are produced in many colors.
Light Brahma Chicken Features
- Light brahma chicken has black and white feathers.
- It has a black tail.
- The neck feathers of the roosters of Light Brahma chickens are black striped.
Dark Brahma Chicken Features
- The appearance of the dark brahma chicken differs in females and males.
- The female dark brahma hen is dark gray.
- Males have black feathers.
Gold Brahma Chicken Features
- Gold brahma is a large breed of Brahma.
- They have deep and lively feathers.
- It is a very showy and beautiful Brahma breed.
- Its basic color is golden yellow.
- Its feet are a combination of black and gold.
Caring for Brahma Chicken
- Brahma chickens do not like muddy environments.
- In rainy times, suitable areas should be created for Brahma chickens to spend time.
- To increase their fertility, it would be right to trim their back feathers.
- Brahma chickens with a lot of foot feathers should be controlled for scabies.
- Since it is a calm and harmonious chicken breed, desired training can be given.
- Since they are not a cowardly chicken breed, they need to be protected from danger.
- Their feed should be of good quality and contain the nutritional sources they need.
- Traveling is a must for Brahma chickens.
- It is very important for the skeletal structure that Brahma chickens roam for at least 5 hours a day for the first 6 months.
- During the period of hair change, you need to do much more care and show sensitivity.
- Brahma chickens should be sprayed with internal and external parasites every 3 months.
- Brahma chicken breeding is a profession that requires expertise.
- Try to keep the floor of the coop clean.
- Give Brahma chickens clean water every day.
- Check the feet and legs constantly, wash the feet thoroughly at least once every 3 months.
Brahma Chicken Breeding
- The incubation period of Brahma chickens is 21 days.
- Their reproductive age begins when they are 6 months old.
- Brahma chickens can always breed if the appropriate temperature and light are provided.
Brahma Chicken Prices
- Considering the profit to be made from the eggs, it can be said that they are sold at reasonable prices.
- Brahma chicken prices vary from breed to breed.
- In general, multiple sales are made rather than single sales.
- Many vendors change the price based on the number of chickens you buy.
Brahma Chicken Nutrition
- Brahma chickens should be fed with broiler rice feed when they are chicks or pullets.
- When the chick emerges from the pullet state, it should be fed with egg food, grain feed and greens.
- Attention should be paid to the high nutritional content of the feeds fed to Brahma chickens.
- It is a docile chicken breed that can be fed by hand.
- A litter box must be placed for Brahma chickens.
Brahma Chicken Habitat Features
- Brahma chickens should live in areas with dry soil as they do not like muddy environments.
- If the cage they will live in has a wire base, it should be 2 square meters.
- If he is going to live in a soil-based cage, the cage must be 6 square meters in size.
- The floor of the cage should always be kept clean.
- Dirty water should not be kept in the cages, clean water should be given every day.
Features of Brahma Egg
- They don’t spawn a lot.
- Annual egg production varies between 100 eggs and 150 eggs.
- The color of their eggs is brown.
- They do not have large eggs.
- Brahma eggs weigh about 55 grams.
- The prices of their eggs are quite high.
- The price of Brahma chicken eggs varies between 10 TL and 30 TL.
- Their eggs are commercially very advantageous.