Indian rooster species have become the favorite of most poultry coops with their warm-bloodedness towards people and their noble stance worthy of their name in their homeland. I searched for answers to questions such as where the Indian Rooster, which is among the most fed breeds in our country, originally came from, what are its species and what kind of characteristics it has. I have done research from many domestic and foreign sources. And I wanted to share this with you.
Indian Roosters are very diverse as a breed. Indian roosters, which are found almost everywhere in the world, are called “Asil” in India and “Aseel” in English. The homeland of Indian rooster breeds is India, as the name suggests.
The Indians used the word noble to mean “pure blood”. It was translated into English as a species name about Indian chickens and the original Indian chickens were known as “Noble” all over the world. Before the influence of Islam, these chickens were not called Aseel in India. Later, the word Asil was used; Their very old names are still used in some parts of India.
Aseel Indian Chicken Characteristics
The standards that were recorded in manuscripts in the 1800s (ie in the 19th century) are still meticulously taken seriously by the noble breeders in Calcutta today.
A couple of examples:
- There are no double combs under the beak. It is only found in the Bihangam genus.
- Their face and ear lobes are red.
- The combs are small in all except Bihangam; It can be plump, like a small piece of meat, or short and triple.
- They are docile and do not harm their owners.
Many more features have been described at length.
The Most Reasonable Way to Classify Indian Chickens
- Small type but not dwarf or stunted – these are called Reza Aseel.
- Large type – these are called Kulang Aseel.
And so the various genera are classified under two main groups. The new hybrid species created later by human intervention should not be evaluated from the basic genus Asil, apart from these two main groups.
Presence of Indian Roosters in the World
Aseels are found in most parts of India. It is most concentrated in Andhra Pradesh. The nobles and their ancestors spread from their homeland of India to Thailand, Japan, Turkey, England, most of the South American countries and the USA. It exists in all countries between India and Turkey. Purebred Asil was first recognized in England in 1760, but they were of the Reza Aseel breed.
Descendants of Aseels
They are one of the rare purebred chicken breeds in the world. They are very strong and durable chickens. It has been seen that although they are not good at egg production, they are capable of incubating and perhaps more importantly, they behave very persistently, so they can be used as hatching chickens and even hatch chicks from three separate egg groups in a row without any problems. Of course not in the natural environment; it happened when a fancier took the chicks and laid new eggs. So three times in a row.. If we say 3 X 21 days, it would be at least 63 days! Something wrong. Exploitation of animals is cruelty.
Aseel as Pets
Since Indian chickens do not get along with their fellows, it is recommended that they be kept in pairs with opposite sexes. Even their chicks keep fighting each other.
As pets, they are docile and intelligent animals. They can get used to humans: There are Aseel chickens that do not follow their owner. True nobles do not attack people unless they sense a threat, a danger. Hybrid species, for example, hybrids of Indian type chickens owned by the silk road trade in England, have survived to the present day, but they are not recommended as pets because they attack people for unforeseen reasons. It is highly recommended not to keep families with children.
Types of Indian Roosters
Aseel chickens have even been the subject of Indian tales and legends dating back to ancient times a thousand years ago: Stories are told that they are very strong, that they killed cobras, that a nobleman broke a man’s wrist with a blow of his beak, that a nobleman was bought by a maharajah for its weight in gold.
These are slightly smaller than other Aseels and their weight does not exceed 3 kilos. These were once very popular all over the western world as “Indian fighting roosters”. In some western countries it is called Rajah (pronounced raja or reca) instead of Reza.
It is the general name of the great noble species. There are varieties such as North Indian, South Indian and Madras type. The famous Asil type in the world with the name of Malay is also in this group. North Indian and South Indian Nobles do not differ much. They differ from each other only by their comb, beak and body shape.
The Madras Noble is quite different from other Kulang breeds: it is heavily built and well-boned. They can weigh 4 – 6 kilos. They are found in the Tamil Nadu region in Southern India. While Kulang Asil chicken species can weigh from 4 to 6 kilos in the geography they belong to, they do not exceed 5.5 kilos in other places and other countries.
It is not a separate guinea fowl as ancient Europeans thought. It is a subspecies of Kulang Asil. Malay physiques: Same as large Kulang Asil chickens found in Kerela and Tamil Nadu regions in South India.
“Malay” chickens, once favored by the British as fighting roosters, were brought to England in the 1830s but are now said to have “only a few” purebreds in England and the USA.
Squat or dwarf ASEEL
It is a breed developed by an Englishman at the end of the 19th century. It was very popular in its time and over the years, no one was interested. Dwarf nobles not seen until the early 1980s have been recreated by a Belgian expert using Ko Shamo chicken, Indian Game dwarf and Reza Asil strains. The stunted nobles are starting to become popular again today.
Apart from these breeds, there are also Indian rooster breeds. We tried to list all known Indian rooster breeds below.
Competition Festival Competition Rooster Breeds
Aseel Breed Roosters
- Turkish aseel
- Rajah aseel
- Rampuri aseel
- Hyderabad aseel
- Madras aseel
- Kolkata aseel
- Pakistani aseel
- Iranian aseel
- afghan aseel
- Okinawa chamo
- dwarf chamo
Other Indian Breeds
- ga frost
- ga cua
- japanese salt