Plymouth Rock chicken is an American origin chicken breed with a combined (meat and egg) yield. It was obtained by crossing Barred Dominican (Dominique) breed roosters with black Cochin (Cochin) breed chickens.
Barred Plymouth chickens were first introduced to the American Poultry Standards in 1874. It was taken to England in 1880 and to the Netherlands in 1882. It has 7 different varieties as color type. Barred and white color variants are the most well-known.
The White Plymouth Rock is used in the development of parent lines in commercial broiler production. In these developed lines, 160-180 eggs can be taken during the 9-10 month production period. Average live weights are 4-4.5 kg in roosters and 3-3.5 kg in chickens.
In addition, in egg breeding programs, Plymouth Rock chicken breed is widely used in order to obtain heavy eggs. In these, egg production is 200-220 per year and live weights are 3.5-4 kg in roosters and 2.5-3 kg in chickens. There are egg colors ranging from light brown to dark brown. Average egg weight is 60-70 grams.
Plymouth Rock Chicken Characteristics
- The homeland of the Plymouth Rock Chicken breed is America.
- The Plymouth Rock Chicken breed got its name from the Plymouth region of America.
- The Plymouth Rock Chicken breed was officially recognized in 1874.
- The Plymouth Rock Chicken breed was created by crossing the Dominican and Cochin breeds.
Plymouth Rock Appearance Features
- Feather colors are 7 different color types, mainly white, black, striped and white.
- Comb, Eye and Beak area are red
- It is a medium sized chicken breed.
- their legs are hairless
Plymouth Rock Yield Characteristics
- Live Weight Rooster: 3,5 – 4 kg
- Live Weight Chicken: 2.5 – 3 kg
- Number of Eggs: 180 – 220 (per year)
- Egg Color: Light Brown tones
- Egg Weight: 60 – 70 grams
- It is a strong, durable and calm breed.
- Their flying abilities are not very good.
- Resistant to parasites and diseases
- Chicks develop fast and reach maturity
- They don’t need a lot of space but they like to walk on empty land
- Feed reviews are very good
- It is an easy breed to care for.
Plymouth chickens have a very durable and solid structure. Except for parasitic diseases that affect all breeds, there are no specific health problems.
Since the roosters have large combs and beards, attention should be paid to the temperature in the henhouse in very cold winters.
Being genetically sound ensures that they are healthy and long-lived. If they are looked after with a regular feeding program in suitable conditions, they live between 10-12 years. Even Plymouth chickens have been seen living up to 20 years.
Is Plymouth Chicken Right For You?
If you are looking for a friendly chicken breed that your family members and especially your children will enjoy, I can say that the Plymouth Rock is the perfect fit for you.
Since their flying abilities are not very developed, you do not need to surround the roaming and crawling areas with high fences.
They are very tolerant animals against harsh weather and feeding conditions. Therefore, it is a self-sufficient chicken breed that is quite effortless to feed.
It is a combined breed that has the consistency of backyard chicken, loves to spread, and has high egg and meat yield. What more could you want from a chicken!?